by the European Industrial Relations Observatory (EIRO).
The highest reductions in nominal pay increases were in Slovakia (5.5% in 2009 to 2.2% in 2010), Austria (3.4% to 1.6%), the Netherlands (2.7% to 1
, the lowest unemployment rates were recorded in Austria (3.9%), The Netherlands (4.5%) and Luxembourg (4.8%), and the highest in Spain (22.6%), Greece (17.6% in July) and Latvia (16.1% in the second quarter
unemployment rates were recorded in Austria (4%), Luxembourg and the Netherlands (both 4.9%), and the highest in Spain (22.9%), Greece (18.8% in September 2011) and Lithuania (15.3% in the third quarter of 2011
Germany continues to be the only country to exhibit strong growth of 28%. Italy and UK record relatively low year-over-year growth, while the Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium and France continue to exhibit
-by-year. They are prepared to pull up their sleeves and work in the open air, something which Belgians refuse to do."
The situation is similar in The Netherlands. Remco Icke of the Dutch Association of Temporary
%. It was 9.6% across the whole European Union. The highest rates were registered Latvia and Spain (both 20%), the lowest rates were registered in Austria (3.9%) and The Netherlands (4.4%).