by geography. Of Randstadâ€™s major European markets, they were down least in the Netherlands declining by 23%, in France the fall was 36%, Germany was down 38%, the UK down 29%, Spanish revenues were down by 34
employment taxes. Many companies throughout Europe have taken initiatives to maintain jobs, most prominently, various means of reducing working hours.
In countries such as Germany, which have extensive
they apply and the amounts they ask for. The five Member States that requested the highest contributions (France, Italy, Spain, Ireland and Germany) accounted for around 70% of the total appropriations
.4%), and the highest rates in Latvia
(22.8%) and Spain (19.5%).
with a year ago, all member states recorded an increase in their
unemployment rate. The smallest increases were observed in Germany
(7.1% to 7