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Sweden — Unemployment reaches 8.3 in 2009

04 March 2010

The labour force survey for 2009, published today by Statistics Sweden (SCB), reveals that in 2009 an average of 4,499,000 persons aged 15 to 74 were employed. Compared to 2008, this was a decrease of 94,000 persons. The downturn was greatest among men, numbering 63,000 fewer men who were employed. The employment rate fell by 2.1 percentage points, amounting to 64.7%.

The number of employed persons mainly decreased in the manufacturing industry. Within the industries for Manufacturing, Mining and quarrying, energy and environment, 59,000 persons or 8.9% fewer persons were employed. A large part of this downturn occurred in the sub-group manufacturing of machinery and transport equipment where 39,000 fewer persons were employed, amounting to 11.8%.

The number of persons who work 35 hours or more per week (full-time workers) fell in 2009 by 93,000 persons and amounted to 3,404,000 full-time persons. Men accounted for the largest part of this downturn, or 75,000 fewer men, compared to 19,000 fewer women.

The number of hours worked in 2009 was an average of 135.0 million per week. This was 5.3 million fewer hours, or 3.8% less than in 2008. The number of hours worked per week dropped for both men and women: 3.9 million hours for men and 1.5 million hours for women.

During the period, the average sick leave among employed persons dropped by 0.6 million hours, or 10.2% and amounted to 5.2 million hours per week. The drop was evenly distributed among the sexes - 0.3 million each for men and women.

In 2009 the number of unemployed persons aged 15 to 74 equalled an average of 408,000 persons, an increase of 104,000 compared to 2008. Consequently, unemployment increased by 2.1 percentage points and amounted to 8.3%.
Among young men, unemployment increased by 6.6 percentage points and amounted to 26.3%. The corresponding figures for women were 2.9 percentage points and 23.7%.

Long-term unemployment amounted to 115,000 or 28% of those unemployed. Compared to 2008, this is an increase of 42,000 persons or 58.4%. The increase applied to both men and women, but was greatest among men where the number of those on long-term unemployment rose by 27 000, or 70.6%.

To read the full Labour Force Survey in Swedish language please click here



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