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More than 82,000 Spanish workers migrated in search of a job in 2012, an increase of 5.5% compared to 2011. A study by Adecco, which is based on the National Statistics Institute's Electoral Census of Spaniards Resident Abroad (CERA), said there are now 1.591 million adult Spaniards living overseas, an increase of 390,200 since the start of 2008.
La Rioja, Navarra and the Balearic Islands (despite the latter’s popularity with tourists) have experienced the highest migration at 9.6%, 8.5% and 8.1%, respectively.
At the other extreme, the autonomous city of Ceuta (the exclave located on the north coast of Africa), and the Extremadura and Galicia regions have suffered least, with increases of 3.0%, 3.3% and 3.9%, respectively.
One in four workers seeking work through Adecco are looking to work outside Spain, double the figure from a few years ago.
The jobseeker profile abroad is still a young man between 25 and 35 years, highly qualified, and without family, but the trend is changing and there are increasing cases of unemployed workers over 45 years with a family seeking to work abroad as well as new graduates who want to take their first professional steps outside Spain.
The main destinations are still selected European countries; developed countries like Germany, Norway, United Kingdom and France, as well as the Eastern European countries which require workers with specific technical skills. But emigration to Latin American countries such as Argentina, Chile, Mexico and especially Brazil is also increasingly popular.
Adecco this week is sponsoring a guide to Spanish labour reform published by Expansion and Garrigues.
To see a graphic of these results (in Spanish) click the illustration below.