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The number of temporary employees in Germany fell -5.7% between December 2011 and December 2012, according to research carried out by the Temporary Workers Association (iGZ). The number of hours worked by temporary employees, however, increased over the same period +0.5%.
In 2011 there were 871,726 temporary employees in Germany. In 2012, this figure decreased by 49,347 to 822,379. Martin Dreyer, CEO of iGZ, said: “The ever increasing shortage of skilled workers has now also impacted on the temporary employment industry.”
The largest declines were recorded in metal production and metal construction. The number of temporary employees fell from 134,309 to 119,665 over the course of one year, equating to a drop of -11%.
In the construction and engineering sector temporary employee numbers fell -9.5%, from 83,705 to 75,813 between December 2011 and December 2012. Temporary employee numbers also fell for those working in the extraction and production of raw materials; from 130,819 to 102,964 equating to a fall of -21.3%.
Temporary employment numbers increased, however, in the health, social work, education and training sectors. The number of workers rose from 40,754 in December 2011 to 50,775 in December 2012, an increase of 10,021 (+19.8%).
These developments have impacted on temporary employment agencies. The number of agencies concentrating solely, or primarily, on temporary workers fell from 11,344 in December 2011 to 11,218 in December 2012 – a drop of -1.1%. However, the number of employment agencies offering temporary recruitment solutions grew, however, by +1.7% to 18,024 in the same period.
Skills shortages continue to hamper growth in the German job market. The Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit) is actively working to open the German employment market to foreign applicants.