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Germany — Employment returns to growth

18 August 2010

According to provisional results from the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to about 40.3 million in the second quarter of 2010, which was an increase of +72,000 persons or +0.2% on a year earlier. This means that there was a year-on-year rise in employment for the first time since the second quarter of 2009. That level shows the highest number of persons in employment in any second quarter since German unification and is quite close to the all-time high of 40.7 million achieved in the fourth quarter of 2008.

Compared with the first quarter of 2010, the number of persons in employment rose by +402,000 persons (+1.0%) in the second quarter of 2010. It is normal for employment to increase in the second quarter of a year on the previous quarter. However, due to the economic recovery and a catch-up effect caused by bad weather in the first quarter of 2010, the increase was larger than in the previous year when the number of persons in employment had been up by +249,000 persons or +0.6%. Upon seasonal adjustment the number of persons in employment increased by +81,000 persons or +0.2% compared with the previous quarter.

In industry (including energy), the number of persons in employment was down by -227,000 persons or -2.9%, which was the sixth consecutive quarterly year-on-year decrease. However, the losses in employment were less marked than in the previous quarters (first quarter of 2010: -323,000 persons or -4.1% compared with the first quarter of 2009).


Rising growth rates are recorded for the services sector (trade, hotels and restaurants, transport, financial intermediation, renting and business services as well as other service activities): +294,000 persons or +1.0% on the same quarter of the previous year (first quarter of 2010: +245,000 persons or +0.8%).

In construction, the slight upward trend continued in the second quarter of 2010 (+8,000 persons or +0.4%).

In agriculture, forestry and fishing, employment was down by 3,000 persons (-0.3%) on a year earlier.

Increasing numbers of employees (+39,000 persons) and of self-employed including family workers (+33,000 persons) each accounted for nearly half of the year-on-year increase in employment. Compared with the second quarter of 2009, the number of employees in the second quarter of 2010 rose by +0.1% to 35.81 million, that of self-employed including family workers by +0.7% to 4.44 million.

To read the full provisional results in German language please click here

 

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