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The unemployment rate for the 17 Eurozone countries in October 2013 was 12.1%, down from 12.2% in September, according to Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. The European Union (EU28) reported no change in the average level of unemployment across its 28 Member States from 10.9% in September 2013.
Unemployment in both the Eurozone and the EU28 remains above the levels reported in October 2012, when Eurozone unemployment was 11.7% and EU28 unemployment was 10.7%.
In October 2013, 26.654 million men and women were unemployed in the EU28, of whom 19.298 million were in the Eurozone. Compared with September 2013, the number of persons unemployed decreased by 75,000 in the EU28 and by 61,000 in the Eurozone. Compared with October 2012, unemployment rose by 512,000 in the EU28 and by 615,000 in the Eurozone.
Among the Member States, the lowest unemployment rates were recorded in Austria (4.8%), Germany (5.2%), and Luxembourg (5.9%), and the highest in Greece (27.3% in August 2013) and Spain (26.7%).
Compared with a year ago, the unemployment rate increased in half of the Member States and fell in half. The highest increases were registered in Cyprus (rising from 13.2% to 17.0%), Greece (rising from 25.5% to 27.3% between August 2012 and August 2013) and the Netherlands (rising from 5.5% to 7.0%). The largest decreases were observed in Latvia (falling from 14.0% to 11.9% between the third quarters of 2012 and 2013), Ireland (falling from 14.5% to 12.6%) and Lithuania (falling from 13.0% to 11.1%).
In comparison, during October 2013, the unemployment rate in the United States was 7.3%, up from 7.2% in September 2013 and down from 7.9% in October 2012.